Criminal provisions related to condominium is regulated in Article 21 until Article 23 of the Law Number 16 of 1985 (“Law 16/1985”) on Condominium.
Article 21 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 regulates criminal sanction, that is stated, “Any person who is intentionally against the provisions of Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 and Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 shall be punished by a maximum imprisonment of 10 (ten) years or a maximum fine of Rp 100,000,000, – (one hundred million rupiah)”.
Further, in Article 21 paragraph (3) of Law 16/1985 regulates criminal sanction that is stated, “Any person by whose negligence causes infringement of the provisions as referred in Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 and Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985, shall be punished by a maximum jail of 1 (one) year or a maximum fine Rp. 1.000.000,- (one million rupiah)”.
The provision of criminal sanction as referred in Article 21 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 is categorized as a crime. Whereas provision of sanction in Article 21 paragraphs (3) of Law 16/1985 is unlawful act.
In Article 22 of Law 16/1985 it is stipulated that, beside that imposed negligence criminal act as defined above, it must also comply with the provisions as referred in Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985, Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1958. Under Article 23 of Law 16/1985, it is stated that, Government Regulation governing the implementation of law 16/1985 may contain punishment of jail of criminal act by maximum 1 (one) year and/or fine of Rp. 1.000.000.- (one million rupiah).
Criminal act in relation to Condominium that may be categorized as infringement and crime is any actions that are against provision in Article 6 of Law 16/1985, Article 17 of paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 and Article 18 paragraph (1) of Law 16/1985 as follows:
1. Requirement of Technical and Administrative
The provision in Article 6 of Law 16/1985 stipulates that, the construction of Condominium shall meet the technical and administrative requirements. Furthermore, the provision of technical and administrative requirement are governed by Government Regulation. Technical requirement is defined as regulation concerning building structure, security, safety, health, convenience, and others related with the architecture, including the completeness of infrastructure and environmental facilities. While the administrative requirements are the business license of the company’s housing construction, permits of location and/or allocation, as well as building construction permit (IMB).
2. Implementation of Execution Mortgage and Fiduciary After Announcement and Notification
This provision is regulated in Article 17 paragraph (2) of Law 16/1985 which stipulates that, for the execution of mortgages and fiduciary in order to repay a debt, may only be performed after 1 (one) month after it is notified in writing to the parties concerned and published in two newspapers circulating in that area, and/or local print media, without any parties that claim the objections. Announcement and notification provisions of the obligation before the execution of mortgages and fiduciary are intended in this Law to protect the other parties’ interests.
3.Feasible Occupancy Permit
The provisions in Article 18 paragraph (1) Law 16/1985 regulates that, condominium units that have been built can be sold for occupancy after obtaining feasible occupancy permit from Government of the relevant region. Feasible occupancy permit is also
required for non-residential condominium. The provisions in this Article are intended to secure the safety, security and order of the tenants.
Sofie Widyana P.